The new State Pension payments are an important form of income for many during retirement. You can claim the new State Pension at State Pension age if you have at least ten years’ National Insurance contributions and are a man born on or after 6 April 1951, or a woman born on or after 6 April 1953. The earliest you can receive the basic State Pension is when you reach State Pension age.
The full level you can receive under the new State Pension is £175.20 a week (£9,110.40 a year) in 2020/21, but this depends on your National Insurance (NI) record. If you have 35 years or more of NI contributions, you will get the full amount; between 10 and 34 years of contributions, you will receive a proportion of the pension; and less than ten years of NI contributions, you aren’t eligible for the new State Pension.
People can receive less than the full flat-rate State Pension when their NI record is incomplete or they have paid less than the 35 qualifying years required under the new rules (usually through periods of contracting out).
The State Pension is the foundation of most people’s retirement plans, and yet this data shows more than half of those eligible to claim the State Pension under the new flat-rate system receive less than the full amount. Given the various changes that have been introduced over the years, it’s not surprising people find it difficult to understand. So we’ve put together a few State Pension tips:
- Go online or contact the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) for an up-to-date State Pension forecast. DWP will use your NI record under old and new State Pension rules to calculate your State Pension
- Your ‘starting amount’ can be less than, more than or equal to the new full State Pension
- Consider paying voluntary NI contributions if there are gaps in your records (you can only usually go back six years)
- There is no benefit in paying voluntary NI contributions if you’ve built up 30 years under the old system before April 2016
- Ensure you’ve claimed credits for periods where you’ve not worked, for example, when unemployed or looking after children. This should happen automatically, but mistakes can and do happen, especially if you are self-employed
- You can claim for NI credits if you are caring for parents or grandchildren
- If you’ve been contracted out for any period before April 2016, you will have paid lower NI and therefore receive a smaller State Pension. Your private pension will have an element of ‘Contracted Out Pension Equivalent’ (or ‘COPE’) which will allow for this
- Consider deferring your State Pension (although this is less financially generous than previously)
Spend the longest time on preparing for retirement
The State Pension can be a minefield. And remember, it is only really there to provide a basic standard of living when you retire. Of all the life events to plan for, you should spend the longest time on preparing for retirement.
If you’re in your 50s or early 60s, you may increasingly be thinking more about retirement and how to plan for it. One of the most common dilemmas for people of this age is how best to fund their lifestyle once they’ve stopped work and maintain their pre-retirement standard of living.
For more information and support on your retirement planning, contact a financial adviser here.